The name of the wood species is Brazilwood, Pernambuco (or Fernambuco), as well as Spike Cesalpinia or Pau-Brazil. Homeland Brazilwood, of course - Brazil. This is a fairly large tree, reaching 15 meters in height and up to 1 m in diameter. Brazilwood is perhaps the only tree in the world whose name is given to a huge country and nation. It was the country of Brazil that was named after this tree, and not vice versa. The first Portuguese settlers in the New World who discovered Brazilwood trees realized that red dye could be obtained from them. This made Brazilian wood a very valuable and profitable commodity. They named the tree pau brasil (pau means tree and brasil means red). Brasilwood wood became an object of active trade and merchants called this land Terra do Brasil or simply "Land of Brazil" - and this name stuck.
Wood color: The heartwood of the Brazilianwood tree is usually a yellowish-orange color, but sometimes darker reddish-brown colors are found. The light yellow sapwood is clearly marked. The wood has a fine, even texture with a good natural sheen. Brazilian wood is quite dense and hard. Its density is about 860 kg/cu.m. (up to a maximum of 980 kg / m3), hardness - 7.2 on the Brinell scale.
Brazilian wood is characterized by high resistance to bending and impact loads. Do not warp. Resistant to environmental influences, does not rot. Very easy to process and polish. To date, the industrial use of Brazilian wood has actually ceased, it is quite rare and is actually used only for small inlays and where its unique properties cannot be replaced by anything else, for example, the production of musical instruments (bows, etc.)
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